Rom3:23-24 One Foundation: Fall and Redemption
(Please see PDF link below)
## One Foundation (2) # The Fall of Man
and the Plan
[(Elbing Catechism)](https://archive.org/details/catechismorbrief00elbi) [(Workbook)](https://archive.org/details/catechismworkboo00unse)
--- ## One Foundation
1. **Creation** (who *God* is)
1. **Fall** (who *we* are)
1. **Redemption** (how we are *saved*) 1. Divine **Provision**
1. Human **Response** + **Faith** in Christ
+ **Life** and Conduct
--- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The **Fall** of Man 1. *Prior* to the Fall 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. *Results* of the Fall 1. Redemption: God's **Plan** 1. Redemption: through **Christ** >>> + Fall + Divine Plan: promise, principle, prophecy + How Christ Fulfilled the Plan + Our world is full of **evil** + Did God **purposely** make it so? + Did God create **evil**? --- ## Original State of Man God saw **everything** that he had made,
and behold, it was **very good**.
Genesis 1:31a (ESV)
>>> + that includes **man**! --- ## In the Image of God So God **created** man in his own image,
in the **image of God** he created him;
**male and female** he created them.
Genesis 1:27 (ESV)
>>> + **unique** to man + not **evolved** animal --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. *Prior* to the Fall 1. **The Fall of Man** 1. *Results* of the Fall 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. Redemption: through *Christ* >>> + Did God **cause** them to sin? + God's command: --- ## God's Warning You may surely eat of **every tree** of the garden, but of the tree of the **knowledge**
of **good and evil** you shall not eat, for in the day that you **eat** of it
you shall surely **die**.
Genesis 2:16-17 (ESV)
>>> + why even put that tree there? + love requires **choice** + **knowledge**: judgment, to **decide** + judge for self what is good + evil + infinitive absolute (intensive): + "eating you eat, dying you die" + clear **consequences** + **warning**: out of **love** + How did **Satan** distort this? --- ## Satan's Question "Did God **actually** say,
‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?"
Genesis 3:1 (ESV)
>>> + **doubt** / question God's Word + and **misquoted** Him! + to be **unreasonably** severe + forget God's abundant **provision** + what **else** did Satan say? --- ## Satan's Lies "You will **not** surely die. For **God knows** that when you eat of it
your **eyes** will be opened,
and you will be **like God**,
**knowing** good and evil."
Genesis 3:4 (ESV)
>>> + directly **contradicts** God + plants **suspicion** of God's intentions + conspiracy, untapped **power** + that God is secretly **afraid** + eyes opened: hidden **knowledge** + like God: **usurp** God's authority --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. *Prior* to the Fall 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. **Results of the Fall** 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. Redemption: through *Christ* >>> + But that was just **Adam+Eve**'s problem + Doesn't **affect** us, right? --- ## Death Through Sin Therefore, just as **sin** came into the world
through **one man**, and **death** through sin,
and so death spread to **all men**
because **all sinned**
Romans 5:12 (ESV)
>>> + connect **sin** + **death**: + both **physical** and **spiritual** + all sinned: not just **active** (commission) + but **falling short** of God's holiness: --- ## No One Is Righteous For all have **sinned**
and **fall short** of the glory of God
Romans 3:23 (ESV)
>>> + **sin** affects not just **people** + but all **creation**: --- ## Creation in Bondage For the **creation** was subjected to **futility**, ... in hope that the creation itself
will be set free from its **bondage** to **corruption** and obtain the **freedom**
of the glory of the **children of God**.
Romans 8:20-21 (ESV)
>>> + connect **sin** + **death** + **mankind** + **creation** + **Adam** sinned ⇒ **all** sinned + ⇒ **creation** bound to corruption + ⇒ **Christ** saves ⇒ **children of God** saved + ⇒ **creation** freed in glory --- # What is the **nature** of mankind? # Good? Evil? --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. **Redemption: God's Plan** 1. The **Promise** to Adam 1. *Principles*: The Law as Tutor 1. The *Prophecies* of the Christ 1. Redemption: through *Christ* >>> + Did man's **fall** catch God by **surprise**? + What was God's **plan** to redeem us? --- ## Plan of Redemption For God **so loved** the world,
that he **gave** his only Son,
that whoever **believes** in him
should not **perish** but have eternal **life**.
John 3:16 (ESV)
>>> + so loved: not how **much** + but in this **manner** + forgiveness requires **sacrifice** --- ## Promise to Adam & Eve And I will put **enmity**
Between you and the woman,
And between **your seed** and **her seed**; He shall bruise you on the **head**,
And you shall bruise him on the **heel**.
Genesis 3:15 (NASB)
>>> + God's plan in motion even in Gen --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. The *Promise* to Adam 1. **Principles: The Law as Tutor** 1. The *Prophecies* of the Christ 1. Redemption: through *Christ* >>> + catechism: **school master** --- 1. You shall have **no other gods** before me 1. Not make for yourself a carved **image** 1. Not take the **name** of the **LORD** in vain 1. Remember the **Sabbath day**, to keep it holy 1. Honor your **father** and your **mother** 1. You shall not **murder** 1. You shall not commit **adultery** 1. You shall not **steal** 1. Not bear **false witness** against your neighbor 1. Not **covet** ... anything that is your neighbor's >>> + Plus many **more** rules in Law of Moses! + But all are **subsumed** under: + Love **God** with all your heart + Love **neighbour**: --- ## Summary of the Law For the **whole law** is fulfilled in **one word**:
“You shall **love your neighbor** as yourself.”
Galatians 5:14 (ESV)
>>> + Law is **impossible** to satisfy + Can control **external** behaviour + But cannot tame the **heart** + Following the **law** cannot **save** us: --- ## The Law as Tutor The **law** was our **guardian** until Christ came,
in order that we might be **justified** by faith. But now that **faith** has come,
we are **no longer** under a guardian, for in **Christ Jesus**
you are all **sons of God**, through faith
Galatians 3:24-26 (ESV)
>>> + Actually, law only **highlights** our sinful nature: + sin **springs** to life and **kills** us + Shows us why we need a **Saviour** + can only be saved by **faith** --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. The *Promise* to Adam 1. Principles: The *Law* as Tutor 1. **The Prophecies of the Christ** 1. Redemption: through *Christ* --- ## Jesus Fulfils Prophecy Everything **written** about me
in the **Law** of Moses and the **Prophets**
and the **Psalms** must be fulfilled.
Luke 24:44 (ESV)
>>> + OT: Law, Prophets, Psalms --- # How does
the **Old Testament** point to **Christ**? >>> + reveal God's **plan** of redemption + **promises** to Adam and the patriarchs + **law** as a tutor leading us to faith + **prophecies** / predictions --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. **Redemption: through Christ** 1. The **Life** of Jesus + Birth → Ministry → Death → Resurrection 1. The *Redeemer* and the *Holy Spirit* 1. *Grace* for All >>> + Christology: 1. The Birth of Jesus Christ 1. The Baptism and Public Ministry of Our Lord 1. The Suffering and Death of Our Redeemer 1. Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension --- I believe in **Jesus Christ**, God's only **Son**, our Lord, who was conceived by the **Holy Spirit**,
**born** of the Virgin Mary,
**suffered** under Pontius Pilate,
was **crucified**, died, and was buried;
he descended to the **dead**. On the third day he **rose** again;
he **ascended** into heaven,
he is **seated** at the right hand of the Father,
and he will come to **judge** the living and the dead.
Apostle's Creed, ~390 AD (excerpt)
>>> + **Son** of God + **virgin** birth, through **HS** + **suffering** and **death** for our sins + the **dead**: vs hell + **resurrection** and **ascension** + currently **reigning** in heaven + imminent **return** as righteous Judge --- ## Christ Our Propitiation All we like sheep have gone **astray**;
we have turned — every one — to his **own way**; and the Lord has **laid on him**
the **iniquity** of us all.
Isaiah 53:6 (ESV)
>>> + state of mankind: **sinful** + **unable** to rescue selves + not just **doing** "bad things": + turn to **own** way + rather than **God's** way + **attributed** to Christ + paid **penalty** on our behalf --- *Q.90*: What is the real **significance**
of the death of the Lord? *A*: For by a single **offering**
he **has perfected** for all time
those who **are being sanctified**.
Hebrews 10:14 (ESV)
>>> + Single, **point-in-time** sacrifice + Has **finished** work of **justification** + perfected (τετελείωκεν): complete, end + deemed **righteous** before God + Still in **process** of **sanctification** + being made holy (ἁγιαζομένους) --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. Redemption: through *Christ* 1. The *Life* of Jesus 1. **The Redeemer and the Holy Spirit** 1. *Grace* for All --- ## Redeemer’s Threefold Office 1. **Prophet**:
The Lord your God will raise up for you a *prophet* like me, ... *listen* to him
1. **High Priest**:
Since we have a *great priest* over the house of God, let us *draw near*
He will *reign* as king and act *wisely*, and do *justice* and *righteousness* in the land
--- ## Sending the Holy Spirit The **Advocate**, the Holy Spirit,
whom the **Father** will send in **my name**, will **teach** you all things
and will **remind** you
of everything I have said to you
John 14:26 (NIV)
>>> + **work** of HS in us: teach, remind + Advocate: help, encourage, comfort + also **conviction** of sin (Jn16:8) + **Peace** I leave with you --- ## Dedicate Our Bodies Do you not know that your **body** is
a **temple** of the **Holy Spirit** who is in you,
whom you have from **God**,
and that you are **not your own**?
1 Corinthians 6:19 (NASB)
>>> + affects how we view selves --- ## Wk 2: Fall & Redemption 1. The *Fall* of Man 1. Redemption: God's *Plan* 1. Redemption: through *Christ* 1. The *Life* of Jesus 1. The *Redeemer* and the *Holy Spirit* 1. **Grace for All** >>> + Does God **want** all to be saved? --- ## God's Desire [God] desires **all** men to be **saved**
and to come to the **knowledge** of the truth. For there is **one God**,
and **one mediator** also between God and men, the man **Christ Jesus**,
who gave Himself as a **ransom for all**
1 Timothy 2:4-6 (NASB)
>>> + wants **all** to be saved + but **only** way is through **Christ** + only **ransom** for all --- ## Turn and Live Have I any **pleasure** in the **death** of the wicked,
declares the LORD God,
and not rather that he should
**turn** from his way and **live**?
Ezekiel 18:23 (ESV)
>>> + prerequisite: **repent** --- # What did Jesus **do** for us? # Why couldn't we do it **ourselves**? --- For all have **sinned**
and **fall short** of the glory of God, and are **justified** by his grace as a **gift**,
through the **redemption** that is in Christ Jesus
Romans 3:23-24 (ESV)